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What's the Difference? Different Learners with Filing Cabinets

Illustrated by Buck Jones
All rights reserved. Copyright 2002

The Auditory-Sequential Learner

The Visual-Spatial Learner

Thinks primarily in words

Thinks primarily in pictures

Has auditory strengths

Has visual strengths

Relates well to time

Relates well to space

Is a step-by-step learner

Is a whole-part learner

Learns by trial and error

Learns concepts all at once

Progresses sequentially from easy to difficult material

Learns complex concepts easily; Struggles with easy skills

Is an analytical thinker

Is a good synthesizer

Attends well to details

Sees the big picture; may miss details

Follows oral directions well

Reads maps well

Does well at arithmetic

Is better at math reasoning than computation

Learns phonics easily

Learns whole words easily

Can sound out spelling words

Must visualize words to spell them

Can write quickly and neatly

Much better at keyboarding than handwriting

Is well organized

Creates unique methods of organization

Can show steps of work easily

Arrives at correct solutions intuitively

Excels at rote memorization

Learns best by seeing relationships

Has good auditory short-term memory

Has good long-term visual memory

May need some repetition to reinforce learning

Learns concepts permanently; does not learn by drill and repetition

Learns well from instructions

Develops own methods of problem solving

Learns in spite of emotional reactions

Is very sensitive to teachers' attitudes

Is comfortable with one right answer

Generates unusual solutions to problems

Develops fairly evenly

Develops quite asynchronously (unevenly)

Usually maintains high grades

May have very uneven grades

Enjoys algebra and chemistry

Enjoys geometry and physics

Masters other languages in classes

Masters other languages through immersion

Is academically talented

Is creatively, technologically, mechanically, emotionally or spiritually gifted

Is an early bloomer

Is a late bloomer

Information Compiled by Linda Kreger Silverman, Ph.D.